Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Drangiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria on the Indus - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Magnificent Alexander statue found in Alexandria

Recent excavations in Alexandria have revealed remains of a building from Ptolemaic times as well as a bridge.

This is part of an ongoing project directed by the Hellenic Institute for the Research of Alexandria Culture which in the past 21 years is working in the Shalallat Gardens area. In 2015, a large public building belonging to the Ptolemaic era was found and archaeologists believe that it had an arched ceiling. Recently, a carved tunnel was exposed from underneath this massive building at a depth of ten meters.


This is exciting news because these remains are part of the Royal Quarters of the Ptolemies, which have been documented in antiquity. So far, the site has exposed some extraordinary finds of pottery, mosaic floors and coins. The most important find is, of course, this unique marble statue of Alexander the Great, executed in pure Hellenistic style which has been transferred to the National Museum of Alexandria for us to see!

The museum is a treasure trove exhibiting artifacts from old Egypt, as well as from Hellenistic, Roman, Coptic and Islamic eras, including underwater finds. It is the only museum that tells the history of Alexandria through antiquity and it is not surprising that the lovely head of Alexander the Great is kept here.


It seems that bit by bit we are getting closer to getting a picture of the very heart of ancient Alexandria – although there still is a very, very long way to go.

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